This course will use the 6th edition of the APA Manual (2009), but note that reference format from the newest 7th edition (2019) will also be acceptable. Many APA resources (e.g., Purdue OWL) are still updating APA formatting to the 7th edition.
You will often use sources for academic writing, and it’s important to know how to responsibly cite and integrate those sources into your own writing. APA format provides guidelines and structures for citing those sources in a way that helps you avoid plagiarism and give proper credit to your sources.
Sometimes, the easiest way to think about your in-text citations and references (and how they must match) is to see them side by side. The following examples provide reference information and corresponding in-text citation information for common source types and situations you are likely to encounter while working with your sources.