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Charts that Changed the World - Marketing
THE MARKET PYRAMID - Prahalad, C. K., & Lieberthal, K. (1998). The end of corporate imperialism. Harvard Business Review, 76(4), 68-79.
"Today managers take for granted that the biggest growth opportunities lie in the emerging markets - and that viable businesses can be built to serve people near 'the bottom of the pyramid.' That can be traced to ... [this article]. ... People living on $5,000 to $10,000 a year may not sound like lucrative customers, but they constitute a demographic of immense purchasing power for companies selling food, housing, or energy." (from HBR December 2011, p. 35)
DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION - Bower, J. L., & Christensen, C. M. (1995). Disruptive technologies: Catching the wave. Harvard Business Review, 73(1), 43-53.
"When Clayton M. Christensen and Joseph L. Bower introduced this idea in a 1995 HBR article, their simple chart illustrated a key insight: Established players can be threatened by lower-quality offerings that fulfill the needs of 'overserved' customers - and those offerings tend to improve over time." (from HBR December 2011, p. 35)