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Literacy and Reading Comprehension Instruction: Storytime/Read Alouds

EDUC 406, EDUC 441

Five Components of Early Literacy

  1. Phonological awareness: the ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words; hearing syllables and rhymes.
  2. Print conventions and awareness: knowing that print has meaning, and how to handle a book, follow text on a page.
  3. Letter knowledge: knowing that the same letter can look different and that letters have names and represent sounds.
  4. Vocabulary: knowing the meaning of words, including words for things, concepts, feelings, and ideas.
  5. Background knowledge: prior knowledge, or what a child knows before entering kindergarten from his or her experiences with living and language.

Reference:  Ghoting, Saroj Nadkarni, and Martin-Diaz, Pamela. (2013). Storytimes for Everyone: Developing Young Children's Language and Literacy. American Library Association. Chicago, IL. 

Tips for Getting Started

For a successful story time it is important to remember:

  • Choose quality reading material that engage reader interest.
  • Read with a clear voice, reflecting a natural tone that is genuine to the story.
  • Be sure to introduce the book with Title, Author and Illustrator (if necessary) to show children that books are written and illustrated by real people.
  • Present pictures and illustrations while reading, rather than before or after you have read the page, so that children can connect meaning to the images on the page.
  • Body movements and facial expressions can enhance the read-aloud experience.

Additional Storytime Resources

Online Story Time with Barnes & Noble

Story Time with your Pre-Schooler from Scholastic

ALSC (American Library Services for Children) Blog gives lots of good insight on storytimes.

Strategies for Reading Aloud to Young Children from Teaching Strategies (Example and tips)

Storytime is a Nod to Oral Tradition

  "And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up," Deuteronomy 6:7.

How-To Books

Storytime Health and Wellness Titles